Bible Teaching Notes
Tuesday, May 21, 2019
Omar C. Garcia

Joshua 6

Joshua 6:1-5

6:1 Now Jericho [the first walled city the Israelites had ever encountered] was straitly shut up [and fortified] because of the children of Israel [news of Israel’s victories east of the Jordan had already reached Jericho; cf. Ex. 23:27]: none went out, and none came in [indicates how desperate the situation was].


6:2 And the LORD said unto Joshua [important that leaders receive their orders from the Lord], See, I have given [indicated Jericho already belonged to Israelites; guaranteed victory; “Remember that you fight from victory, not just for victory.” (Wiersbe)] into thine hand Jericho, and the king thereof, and the mighty men of valour [“You are a poor soldier of Christ if you think you can overcome without fighting, and suppose you can have the crown without the conflict.”  (John Chrysostom (347-407) • Syrian preacher and martyr)].


6:3 And ye shall compass the city [this was not a military strategy but rather one that would call for people to act in faith; a seemingly foolish plan; God’s wisdom is far above ours (cf. Isa. 55:8-9)], all ye men of war, and go round about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days.


Note: Three ways to do God’s work: “One is to make the best plans we can, and carry them out to the best of our ability ... or, having carefully laid our plans and determined to carry them through, we may ask God to help us, and to prosper us in connection with them. Yet another way of working is to begin with God; to ask His plans, and to offer ourselves to Him to carry out His purposes.”  (Hudson TaylorChina Inland Mission)


6:4 And seven [“seven” (Heb. shevah) is the number of divine perfection or completion] priests shall bear before the ark [represented God’s presence with His people] seven trumpets [typically used to call an assembly, to sound battle signal, and also used in religious observances] of rams' horns [Heb. jobel (root of the word jubilee)]: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times [not “once” as in previous six days], and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.


6:5 And it shall come to pass, that when they make a long blast with the ram's horn, and when ye hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people [the whole army] shall shout with a great shout [a battle cry to encourage one another and to intimidate enemy]; and [after God’s instructions followed totally] the wall of the city shall [certainty] fall down flat [thus removing barrier and making city vulnerable to attack], and the people shall ascend up every man straight before him.


Joshua 6:14-27

6:14 And the second day they compassed the city once, and returned into the camp: so they did six days [indicates they persisted in obedience; helped people learn patience].


6:15 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they rose early [because there was much to accomplish that day] about the dawning of the day, and compassed the city after the same manner seven times [as per instructions in v. 4]: only on that day they compassed the city seven times.


6:16 And it came to pass at the seventh time, when the priests blew with the trumpets, Joshua said unto the people, Shout; for the LORD hath [indicates victory already won] given [victory was a gift from God] you the city.


6:17 And the city shall be accursed [under the ban; refers to excluding something from people’s use or abuse and completely surrendering it to God; cf. Deut. 20:16-18; God is concerned about the holiness of His people], even it, and all that are therein, to the LORD: only Rahab [cf. Matt. 1:5; Heb. 11:31; Jas. 2:25] the harlot shall live, she and all that are with her in the house, because she hid the messengers that we sent [cf. Josh. 2:1-21].


6:18 [“Let us be as watchful after the victory as before the battle.”  (Andrew Bonar)] And ye, in any wise keep yourselves from the accursed thing [a specific command; only Achan violated this command (Josh. 7)], lest ye make yourselves accursed, when ye [a reminder that the sin of an individual has consequences for others] take of the accursed thing, and make the camp of Israel a curse, and trouble it.


6:19 But all [without exception] the silver, and gold, and vessels of brass and iron, are consecrated unto the LORD: they shall come into the treasury of the LORD.


6:20 [“Do not pray for easy lives, pray to be better men and women. Do not pray for tasks equal to your powers; pray for power equal to your tasks.”  (Phillips Brooks)] So the people shouted when the priests blew with the trumpets: and it came to pass, when [after God’s instructions had been carefully followed, then...] the people heard the sound of the trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that the wall fell down flat, so that the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city.


6:21 And they utterly [emphasizes totality of the destruction] destroyed all that was in the city, both man and woman, young and old, and ox, and sheep, and ass, with the edge of the sword.


6:22 But Joshua had said unto the two men that had spied out the country, Go into the harlot's house, and bring out thence the woman, and all that she hath, as ye sware unto her.


6:23 And the young men that were spies went in, and brought out [Rahab and her family spared] Rahab, and her father, and her mother, and her brethren, and all that she had; and they brought out all her kindred, and left them without the camp of Israel.


6:24 And they burnt the city with fire, and all that was therein: only the silver, and the gold, and the vessels of brass and of iron, they put into the treasury of the house [the tabernacle] of the LORD.


6:25 And Joshua saved Rahab the harlot alive, and her father's household, and all that she had; and she dwelleth in Israel even unto this day [either means this account was written while Rahab was still living or that Rahab lived on in her posterity]; because she hid the messengers, which Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.


6:26 And Joshua adjured them at that time, saying, Cursed be the man before the LORD, that riseth up and buildeth this city Jericho: he shall lay the foundation thereof in his firstborn, and in his youngest son shall he set up the gates of it [Joshua pronounced curse on Jericho (cf. 1 Kings 16:34)].


6:27 So the LORD was with Joshua; and his fame was noised throughout all the country.

Source:Omar C. Garcia

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