Bible Teaching Notes
Tuesday, May 21, 2019
Omar C. Garcia

Joshua 4

4:1-9 ó 12 stones set up as memorial at Gilgal (vv. 1-8) and in midst of river (v. 9).


4:1 And it came to pass, when all the people were clean passed over Jordan, that the LORD spake unto Joshua [and Joshua obeyed everything the Lord said], saying,


4:2 Take you twelve men out of the people, out of every tribe a man,


4:3 And command ye them, saying, Take you hence out of the midst [evidence that the river had actually stopped flowing to allow the people to cross over] of Jordan, out of the place where the priests' feet stood firm, twelve stones, and ye shall carry them over with you, and leave them in the lodging place, where ye shall lodge this night.


4:10-14 ó All the people safely across.


4:15 And the LORD spake unto Joshua, saying,


4:16 Command the priests that bear the ark of the testimony [so called because Godís testimony (the Law) was placed in the ark; cf. Ex. 25:16,21 (two tablets containing the Ten Commandments)], that they come up out of Jordan.


4:17 Joshua therefore commanded [as the Lord instructed him to do] the priests, saying, Come ye up out of Jordan.


4:18 And it came to pass, when the priests that bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD were come up out of the midst of Jordan, and the soles of the priests' feet were lifted up unto the dry land [river bank (as opposed to river bed in 3:17)], that the waters of Jordan returned unto their place, and flowed over all his banks, as they did before [evidence that the Lord had performed this miracle].


4:19 And the people came up out of Jordan on the tenth day [cf. Ex. 12:2-3 (the day the lambs had been chosen for Passover prior to exodus)] of the first month [corresponds to parts of our months of March-April], and encamped in Gilgal [became Israelís first worship place], in the east border [about two miles from] of Jericho.


4:20 And those twelve stones, which they took out of Jordan, did Joshua pitch [set up as a memorial] in Gilgal.


4:21 And he spake unto the children of Israel, saying, When your children shall ask their fathers in time to come, saying, What mean [opportunity for fathers to review Godís great work; opportunity to encourage new generation to obey God] these stones [an object lesson; visible reminder of miraculous crossing]?


4:22 Then ye shall let your children know, saying, Israel came over [thus making a break with the past] this Jordan [a river] on dry land [emphasizes miraculous nature of the event].


4:23 For the LORD your God [Joshua gave God credit for the miraculous crossing] dried up the waters of Jordan from before you [later generations were told the story as if the event had happened to them], until ye were passed over [safely across], as the LORD your God did [God accomplished what no other god could do] to the Red sea, which he dried up from before us, until we were gone over:


4:24 That [two purposes of Godís mighty work] [1] all the people of the earth [including surrounding nations (3:10b)] might know the hand of the LORD, that it is mighty [opportunity to testify to world about Godís greatness]: that [2] ye might fear [awe and reverence toward God] the LORD your God for ever.

Source:Omar C. Garcia

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